Lead me in your truth and teach me, for you are the God of my salvation; for you I wait all the day long (Psalm 25:5 ESV).
It is hard to image the terror of the disciples on the other side of the cross. In John 16, we get a glimpse.
The chapter opens with Jesus facing a leadership crisis.
Jesus starts by saying: I have said all these things to you to keep you from falling away (v 1). The word translated as falling away, σκανδαλίζω, means: to cause to be brought to a downfall, cause to sin (BDAD 6682.1). In other words, the disciples are at risk of breaking up as a group and losing their reason for being.
This theme is repeated at the end of the chapter. In verse 32, for example, we see a word similar to falling away—scattered. The Greek word is σκορπίζω which is translated as meaning: to cause a group or gathering to go in various directions, scatter, disperse (BDAG 6717).
The particular significance of this word, σκορπίζω, is that it brings to mind a prophecy from Zechariah: Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered; I will turn my hand against the little ones. In the whole land, declares the Lord, two thirds shall be cut off and perish, and one third shall be left alive. And I will put this third into the fire, and refine them as one refines silver, and test them as gold is tested. They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, they are my people; and they will say, the Lord is my God (Zechariah 13:7-9; also: Malachi 3:1-3). Zechariah sees the scattering as a means to create a remnant of believers.
Between the falling away and the scattering references, Jesus discusses the coming persecution (v 2), his death (v 20a), and his resurrection (v 20b). All of this discussion is accompanied by confusion—image how you would receive prophecy of a friend’s death. The key point of this section is Jesus’ discussion of the Holy Spirit which he describes as the Paraclete (helper—v 7) and the Spirit of Truth (v 13).
As Jesus describes the Holy Spirit, two separate tasks are outlined. Among non-believers: he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment (v 8). In convicting the world of sin, demonstrating righteousness, and bringing judgment, the Holy Spirit acts independently of the church (vv 9-11). Among believers: he will guide you into all the truth (v 13a). Part of this truth will take the form of prophecy (vv 13b, 15) and part will consist of pointing back to Christ (v 14).
Jesus ends by saying: In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world (v 33). This is the peace that passes all understanding (Philippians 4:7).