By Stephen W. Hiemstra
Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you…I am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours…I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word (John 17:1,9,20 ESV).
Jesus is our role model for prayer.
The Gospel of Luke records the most verses in which Jesus prays. The first incidence of prayer is during his baptism when Jesus is anointed by the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove (3:21-22). When crowds gathered following miracles of healing, Jesus retreated to a desolate place to pray (5:15). When the Pharisee attacked him for healing on the Sabbath, Jesus climbed a mountain and prayed all night—the following day he chose the twelve apostles (6:12). Jesus, when praying alone among the disciples, posed the question: “who do the crowds say that I am?” (9:18). While praying with Peter, John, and James on a mountain top, Jesus is transfigured (9:28). Jesus was praying when the disciples asked him: “Lord, teach us to pray…” (11:1). On the night before his death, Jesus prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane (22:41).
The prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane is not found in the Gospel of John. Instead, in the same time slot in the passion narrative records the prayer in John 17 which is often referred to as Jesus’ high priestly prayer. Although Jesus is best known for the Lord’s Prayer, chapter 17 records Jesus’ longest prayer—true intercessory prayers tend to be long. In the Luke passage, Jesus prays his passion: Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done (Luke 22:42 ESV) which is paraphrased in Mark 14 and Mathew 26. The focus in John’s prayer is on Jesus’ ministry.
The prayer in John 17 has three main sections: an introduction (vv 1-8), prayer for the disciples (vv 10-19), and prayer for the rest of us (vv 20-26).
Introduction. Verse one begins the prayer with these words: he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father (v 1). This phrasing reminds us of the Lord’s Prayer which begins: Our Father in heaven (Matthew 6:9 ESV). Interestingly, the introduction begins with Jesus speaking about himself in the third person and then moves into the first person. For example in verse 1 it reads—glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you—while verse 4 reads: I glorified you on earth (v 4). The two statements both underscore the close relationship between God the Father and God the Son—they glorify each other. Verse 3 reminds us that eternal life consists in knowing the Father and the Son.
Prayer for the Disciples. This section of the prayer reads like an ordination service. Who are the disciples; what is their mission; and how they need protection in the world are all topics addressed. Interestingly, their sanctification consisted of receiving the word—in other words, scripture! (v 17)
Prayer for the rest of us. We are identified with these words: those who will believe in me through their word (v 20). Our appearance in this prayer is likewise a function of scripture—the word of God written down by the Apostles.
Two themes in Jesus’ prayer are praise (note the repeated use of the word glorify) and focus on the role of scripture.
What themes are found in your prayers?
 Matthew 6:9-15 and Luke 11:2-24.
 Gary M. Burge. 2000. The NIV Application Commentary: John. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, page 461.
- John 17 is a prayer. What is it about? (Hint: Three parts: vv 1-8, 10-19, 20-26)
- Where does this prayer take place? What is our expectation from the other Gospels? (Hint: Luke 22:39; Mark 14:32)
- How is Jesus described as approaching prayer? (v 1)
- What does this verse remind you of? (Hint: Matthew 6:9)
- What seems different? (Hint: Matthew 6:5-7)
- What claims does Jesus make in verse 2?
- What is eternal life? (v 3)
- What is glory? (ἐδόξασα; v 4) What does Jesus say about it? (vv 4-6).
- What does Jesus say about “the name”? (v 6) Who is addressed?
- What did Jesus teach? What did it consist of? Where did it come from? (vv 6-8)
- Who does Jesus pray for? Who not? (v 9)
- What does Jesus pray? (vv 11-12, 26) What does he mean by “in the name”?
- What is the petition in verse 13?
- What brings on hate? (v 14)
- What do you understand from Jesus’ references to the world? (κόσμος; vv 14-16, 18, 25)
- What is truth? (ἀλήθειά; v 17)
- Who sent Jesus? Who sends us? (v 18)
- What does Jesus mean by to consecrate? (ἁγιάζω; v 19)
- Notice the parallel between verses 18 and 19. What is not parallel?
- Who is Jesus praying for in verse 20?
- What is his petition? (v 21)
- Where does love come from? (v 26)