Hugh Whelchel. 2012. How Then Should We Work? Rediscovering the Biblical Doctrine of Work. Bloomington: WestBow Press.
Review by Stephen W. Hiemstra
Mental habits are hard to break. One particularly insidious habit is to worship the “god of the gaps” (gog) rather than the sovereign, Triune God.
Gog worship shows up in several ways. One is the gog worshiped only between 11 and 12 a.m. on Sunday mornings. Another gog appears like insurance—a kind of Aflac god who handles all the problems that we cannot. Still another gog is observed only indirectly (a shadow gog)—whenever anyone expresses a concept of God that is too large (or too inconvenient)—that person is labeled a fanatic or fundamentalist. Gog worshipers are easy to make fun of until one shows up in the mirror: Gog worship is the default setting of the postmodern world–even for an economist turned pastor like myself.
In his book, How Then Should We Work, Hugh Whelchel reminds us that God created the heavens and the earth—everything. Everything is not a spiritual concept; everything includes everything. All that we do—whether inside or outside the church; whether inside or outside the home—should be done in the name of Christ (Colossians 3:17). God is as a powerful worker—he creates; he created everything (7).
Whelchel states his purpose as: to explore the Biblical intersection of faith and work, attempting to understand the difference between work, calling, and vocation and how they should be Biblically applied in our daily lives(5). His book is organized in 6 chapters which focus on carefully defining the concept of call. These chapters are preceded by a forward, preface, and acknowledgments and are followed by a biography of the author, notes, and suggested readings.
In the important area of defining call, Whelchel (75-77) cites 5 calls. He distinguishes the first call, the call to faith in Christ, as primary and cites 4 secondary calls—the call to family, church, community, and vocation.
Whelchel’s (56) concept of Biblical work focuses on 5 concepts, which are:
- The Four-Chapter Gospel (creation, fall, redemption, and restoration).
- The Cultural Mandate (The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it (Genesis 2:15 ESV)).
- The Kingdom of God (being salt and light to the world (Matthew 5:13-14)).
- Common Grace (seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the LORD on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare (Jeremiah 29:7 ESV).
- The Biblical Meaning of Success (as seen in Jesus’ Parable of the Talents in Matthew 25:1-13).
Whelchel’s observed in the Parable of the Talents that the reward was the same for the 5-talent or 2-talent servants—we need only worry how to use our talents, not obsess over how many talents we are given.
In his final chapter, Whechel asks: how do we integrate our work and our faith in a way that is pleasing to God? The first of his 9 responses to this question is the most telling: we must rediscover that our primary vocation is the call to follow Jesus (117).
Whelchel holds a master of divinity from Reformed Theological Seminary; he is a former technology worker; and currently serves as executive director of the Institute for Faith, Work, and Economics (www.TIFWE.org) located in McLean, VA. As he claims, Whechel’s book is: a Biblical primer on integrating our faith and work (xxviii). He reviews the literature on vocational calling at great length and why we should care. Missing here perhaps is a link that applies these insights in the era of gog. Still, I found my own faith journey reflected in page after page. Perhaps you will too.