By Stephen W. Hiemstra
Jesus answered him, Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God (John 3:3 ESV).
We really want to be in control. From a very young age, we do not want to depend on other people, to be told what to do, or to answer to anyone. We take seriously the Declaration of Independence when it reads:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men [and women] are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness (July 4, 1776).
Not only do we want the freedom to deny the control of other people and other nations, we want to deny the restrictions placed on us by God himself. Rather than a sign of maturity, this control fetish is a sign of childishness—children always imitate their parents wanting to do adult things before they are ready.
For the Corinthians, childishness had two prominent features. They considered themselves to be very spiritual people (v 1) and they divided themselves into political parties (v 4). The Apostle Paul responded by offering them a lesson in Christian leadership.
Christian leadership, according to Paul, consists in building on the foundation laid by Jesus Christ (v 11), serving God as we are assigned (v 5), and compensated according to quality of the work done (VV 8,13-14). Paul writes: I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth (V 6). In this agricultural motif, the farmer does not know how the seeds grow; farming consists only in fostering the growth of healthy seeds. Paul’s point is that God is responsible for growth—follow Jesus, not his servants.
Paul’s lesson clearly applies to us today.
Don’t we consider ourselves spiritual? Paul talks about the wisdom of this age (v 18). Hays (49-50) notes that spiritual elitism can take the form of spiritual gifts, scholarly knowledge, doctrinal correctness, moral uprightness, or political correctness. When we do not consider ourselves spiritual elites, we can, of course, simply support our favorite pastor, denomination, or author who expresses our elitist preferences. Is it any wonder that schisms in the church appeal over and over through the ages and frequently find root in a selective reading of scripture itself?
Paul sees this tendency towards spiritual elitism in the Corinthians (vv 18-20) and cites the Prophet Job:
He [God] frustrates the devices of the crafty, so that their hands achieve no success. He catches the wise in their own craftiness, and the schemes of the wily are brought to a quick end (Job 5:12-13 ESV).
Paul ends this section with another admonishment about boasting saying: For all things are yours, whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or the present or the future– all are yours, and you are Christ’s, and Christ is God’s (vv 21-23)
As the church, we collectively are God’s temple  and under his watchful eye (vv 16-17).
Hays, Richard B. 2011. Interpretation: A Biblical Commentary for Teaching and Preaching—First Corinthians (Orig pub 1997). Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.
ὁ γὰρ ναὸς τοῦ θεοῦ ἅγιός ἐστιν, οἵτινές ἐστε ὑμεῖς (1Corinthians 3:17 BNT). Translated is: for God’s temple is holy, and you all are [that temple].
- How was your week? Did anything special happen?
- What questions or thoughts do you have about 1 Corinthians 2?
- What does it mean to be spiritual (πνευματικοῖς)?How about worldly (or fleshly; σαρκίνοις)? What is an infant (νηπίοις) in Christ? (vv1,3)
- What would you say that the milk teachings of the church are as opposed to the solid food teachings?(v2)
- What particular problem does Paul focus on? (vv3-5)
- What does Paul say about this problem?
- What is important in leadership? (vv6-11)
- How is a leader measured or tested?(vv12-15)
- What does Paul say about the temple? What is confusing about this statement in English but not Spanish (vv16-17)
- What wisdom is Paul talking about? What does he say? (vv18-20)
- What does Paul say about boasting? (vv21-23)