1 Corinthians 10: Temptation

Toilette_072013By Stephen W. Hiemstra

No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it. Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry (vv 13-14).

One test of the truth of the biblical record is that God cannot be bribed.  Most ancient religions offered a provision for bribing the deity—usually a sacrifice and often a human sacrifice.  Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Isaac fits the ancient pattern—until God intervened and substituted a ram (Genesis 22).  Jesus’ death on the cross likewise reverses the ancient formula—God provided the sacrifice.  God cannot be bribed and does not play favorites.

In chapter 10, Paul reminds us that God also does not like to have his patience tested.  Returning to the question of idolatry among the “strong” Christians in Corinth, Paul reminds them that while they have received blessings from God, so did the Israelites wandering in the desert.  Just like the Corinthians had spiritual food and drink in communion, the Israelites had spiritual food and drink—manna and water out of a rock (vv 1-4).  Yet, when the “chosen” people tried God’s patience, they suffered God’s judgment (v 5).

The parallel between the Corinthian situation and that of Moses’ generation has 4 parts:  Idolatry (v 7), sexual immorality (v 8), testing God’s patience (v 9), and grumbling (v 10).  The idolatry in view is the Golden Calf incident which Paul cites verbatim (Exodus 32:6).  The sexual immorality was an incident with Moabite women (Numbers 25:1).  In response to the people’s questioning of God’s generosity, God sent poisonous snakes (Number 21:5-6).  Later, after the people grumbled and rebelled against Moses, God threatened to destroy them all.  However, Moses intervened on their behalf with God.  God relented from destroying the people but vowed that the entire generation would die in the desert—except for Joshua and Caleb (Numbers 14).

If God punished his chosen people for these sins, then why do the Corinthians think that they will be exempt from God’s judgment in doing the same things?  Paul advises the Corinthians:  Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God (v 31).  What about us?  We are to be good examples to those around us and not flaunt our freedom in Christ.


  1. How was your week? Did anything special happen?
  2. What questions or thoughts do you have about 1 Corinthians 10?
  3. What is the allusion which Paul makes in verses 1-4? (Exodus 13:21-22; 14:22; Psalm 105:39-41)
  4. What was the baptism? What was the spiritual food and drink? (Exodus 16:4; Deuteronomy 8:3; Numbers 20:7-11)
  5. Why was God not pleased? (vv 5-8; Exodus 32:6-8; Numbers 25:1-9)
  6. What annoyed God? (vv 9-10; Psalm 78:18-22)
  7. Why were these events recorded?(vv 11-14)
  8. Why does Paul bring them up again? (vv 16-23)
  9. What is Paul’s lesson? (vv 23-24)
  10. Why does Paul allow the Corinthians to eat food sacrificed to idols?(vv 25-26)
  11. When is eating this food forbidden? (vv 27-28)
  12. What is Paul’ standard in making this rule? (v 29)
  13. What is the motive for this standard? (vv 30-33)

1 Corinthians 10: Temptation

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