Chapter 19 of Revelation: Praise, Fine Linen, and Truth

CloudsBy Stephen W. Hiemstra

Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns (Rev 19:6).

Why do brides wear white?

Three great themes of the Book of Revelation come together in chapter 19: the destruction of Babylon, the marriage feast of the Lamb, and Satan’s army at Armageddon.

Babylon is not directly mentioned here, but the apostle John describes the celebration in heaven over her destruction. In v 2 God’s judgment is praised; He has judged the great prostitute; and the blood of God’s servants has been avenged. The smoke from her goes up forever and ever (Rev 19:3).

The immorality of Babylon (v 2) is contrasted the righteous deeds of the saints (v 7).

Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”– for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints (Rev 19:7-8).

The wedding feast is contrasted with a less-inviting feast. An angel calls out to the birds:

Come, gather for the great supper of God, to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, both small and great (Rev 19:17-18).

The feast of the birds is prepared by the death of the Satan’s armies slain by the sword of truth from the mouth (v 21) of the one described as the Word of God (v 13; John 1:1).

The beast and the false prophet are captured and thrown alive into the lake of fire (v 20). The psalmist asks: Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? (Ps 2:1). Revelation 19 gives a word-picture of what plotting in vain looks like.

But what is John saying to the church? Two lessons stand out. First, the army of God is led by Christ who is the Word of God (v 21). God’s enemies are defeated with the sword of truth. Second, we are reminded that God is the one who clothes us with righteousness (v 8; Ezek 16:1-13). We are blessed to be invited to this wedding party; blessed to be clothed in white (v 9).


  1. What is the response in heaven to God’ judgment? (vv 1-3).
  2. The word, hallelujah, is used nowhere else in the NT (vv 1, 3,4). What does it mean? Where else in the bible is it found? (Hint: Psalm 104:35)
  3. Three major themes appear in Revelation 19. What are they?
  4. Verse 10 has an interesting lesson. What it is it?
  5. Verses 11-12 have a number of symbols. What comes to mind?
  6. What is the significance of the name in verse 12?
  7. In verse 8, what color does the bride wear? How do we know? (Hint: v 14)
  8. What is the weapon used to defeat Satan and his armies? (vv 15, 21)
  9. What is for dinner and by whom? (vv 16, 17, 21)

Chapter 19 of Revelation: Praise, Fine Linen, and Truth

Also see:

Chapter 18 of Revelation: Babylon Revisited 

Chapter 1: Alpha and Omega 

Christian Spirituality 

Looking Back 

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