Book Reviews: Why Write Them? What Makes a Good One?

Stephen W. Hiemstra,
Stephen W. Hiemstra, 2017


Join us for a talk on writing reviews by Dr. Stephen W. Hiemstra on Monday, March 19, 2010 at the Northern Virginia Christian Writers Fellowship.

Author, Stephen W. Hiemstra, started reviewing books for his dissertation in graduate school, recording notes in ten composition books. In the 1980s, he started publishing academic reviews for economics journals. More recently, he has blogged reviews weekly with about 250 posts outstanding.


For those of you who do not know me, my name is Stephen W. Hiemstra. I am a volunteer pastor in Hispanic ministry and a Christian writer with a focus on Christian spirituality. My wife, Maryam, and I live in Centreville, Virginia and have three grown children.

How many of you write book reviews? If you write reviews, what kind of books do you review? If not, why not?

This evening I will talk about why I write reviews and what a good review looks like.

But first, let me explain what I mean by a book review.

Classifying Reviews

A review typically has two parts: a synopsis and an assessment. The synopsis introduces the author and outlines the contents and argument of the book. The assessment evaluates the book’s quality. An academic review focuses on the synopsis while a critique focuses on the assessment

Academic Reviews

I began writing reviews in graduate school working on my master’s thesis and doctoral dissertation. In those years (1970s and 1980s) before personal computers and the internet, finding books on a particular topic required a trip to the library where one needs to spend time with the card catalog, bibliographies, references in relevant books, and just wandering through the aisles checking out books shelved together. New titles might be reviewed in pertinent journals, but reviews on older books were harder to find. All of this library work proved tedious.

Many people used index cards to summarize the books they found and read. In my case, I completed ten composition books full of notes on readings before my dissertation was complete. I wrote the literature review and took quotes for my dissertation based primarily on these book notes. Even outside the academic world, many books string together synopses in their early chapters and may even devote entire chapters to examining the arguments of previous authors.

Academic reviews can focus on a single book or compare a number of titles on the same subject.


Most online reviews are critiques that focus on offering an assessment, which frequently amounts to little more than a rating based on a zero to five-star rating. These critiques often offer a couple of sentences about what motivated the writer to rate the book. Some offer nothing more than the rating.

Why Write Reviews?

The history of my review writing shows two distinct periods: an academic period and a ministry period.

Academic Period

When I began writing and publishing reviews in the 1980s, I worked as an economist under pressure to publish, but often constrained by my employer from publishing.

Employers generally own the work that you do during the day. Research organizations may encourage publication but insist on editorial supervision of what gets released. Administrative organizations often discourage publication to maintain proprietary rights to the work, to limit time spent in editing and law suits using their own work against them, and to keep their professionals from finding work elsewhere.

As an economist, I chided under such publication restrictions knowing that “publish or perish” was not just an urban legend and discovered that my employers did not care if I wrote academic reviews and did not attempt to edit or restrict them. Academic journals always looked for good reviews and especially liked English reviews of foreign language books. These reviews allowed me to get credit for my literature reviews, to keep up my work in foreign languages, and offered an important networking opportunity—authors and publishers love independent reviews.

Ministry Period

Before I attended seminary and began blogging, I had a book ministry.

One way to undertake a book ministry is to give away good books.  In my office years ago, a colleague started a book drive where he encouraged employees to bring in old, unwanted books that would be set out for display. People could choose any book, pay what they thought it was worth, and the money raised was donated to charity. Most of the books donated were steamy romance and murder novels. I thought, why not throw in a few good Christian titles?

Another way to undertake a book ministry is to give people books that focus on the issues they are struggling with. My favorite wedding gift for many years, for example, has been Henry Cloud and John Townsend’s Boundaries, which encourages people to understand their life goals and to defend them appropriately in their daily livesAnother frequent gift for inactive, older friends and family was Chris Crowley and Henry S. Lodge’s Younger Next Year, which explains in detail why exercise will extend and enrich your life. After gifting a book, I would check up later to see what they thought of it.

Another variation on the book ministry theme is to give relatives the same book or inspirational DVD as a Christmas gift. The idea is to generate buzz in the family about a helpful topic and to move conversation away from the weather, sports highlights, and the latest tragedy on television. While this may be akin to mission impossible, inspirational DVDs accomplish the same objective. A modestly priced example is: The Star of Bethlehem (2009) by Frederick A. Larson and Stephen Vidano.

Over time, my book ministry evolved into blogging reviews of good books and writing books of my own. While I have reviewed a few newly published books, most books that I review are more than a couple years old. The reason is simple: I am trying to introduce readers to books that have changed my life in some way. Hopefully, my books and reviews will help readers learn from my experience.

What Makes a Good Review?

As may be obvious from my personal history, I write reviews heavily informed by the academic tradition. My editor once remarked that I do not so much write book reviews as book commentaries. Some of my reviews divide into multiple blog posts, in part, so that I can justify the weeks of work required to read and review scholarly books.

The surprising outcome of reviewing such scholarly texts is that such reviews are intensely popular with my blog’s readership—seminary students, pastors, and missionaries. The most popular review on my blog over the past several years has been a theological textbook on mission leadership written in 2014.[1]


A typical one-post review of a non-fiction book on my blog has these components:

  • A graphic based on book’s cover.
  • A paragraph outlining the motivation to read the book.
  • An introduction to the author and the book.
  • An outline of major concepts advanced in the book.
  • An in-depth discussion of at least one of those concepts.
  • An assessment of the book’s audience, readability, and contribution.

Memoirs are harder to summarize; hence, harder to review. Reviews of fiction book require a similar format, but instead of talking about concepts they need to discuss genre, major characters, and plot.


My reviews typically focus on summarizing the book reserving only a paragraph for the assessment. The summary of structure and points is normally detailed enough that the reader should be able to decide for themselves if the book is useful and meets the author’s own objectives. The synopsis is typically about eighty to ninety percent of the review, which typically runs between six hundred to twelve hundred words.


My assessments are normally the final paragraph in my review. When I post reviews on or, I almost always offer them five-star ratings because I buy my own books and prescreen them for a writing project that I am working on or an issue that I am struggling with personally. If I take time to read a book; it must normally be good.

My focus in the assessment offers context to my readers on the book’s audience, readability, and writing style. If for some reason I motor through a book that I do not like, I will talk about the limited audience, the challenge posed in reading, and any distinguishing style characteristics—I do not rate books unless I am forced to in posting online.

Closing Observations

Reviews provide a key selling point for authors and publishers. As an author, my ranking is positively enhanced by writing reviews and I have frequently corresponded with authors about these reviews, which provide an excellent networking opportunity. Posting reviews on Twitter allows me to tweet authors and publishers who frequently retweet the reviews and even put links to them online.

Outside of the networking benefits of writing reviews, reviews allow me to engage the books that I read at a deeper level and I often cite my review comments later in my publications. It is hard to be a nonfiction writer and not read extensively and dissect the books you read. Often my reading prompts my thinking process in fairly nonlinear ways, making me a better writer.


Cloud, Henry and John Townsend. 1992.  Boundaries:  When to Say YES; When to Say NO; To Take Control of Your Life. Grand Rapids:  Zondervan.

Crowley, Chris and Henry S. Lodge. 2007. Younger Next Year:  Live Strong, Fit, and Sexy Until You’re 80 and Beyond. New York:  Workman Publishing.

Plueddemann. James E. 2009.  Leading Across Cultures:  Effective Ministry and Mission in the Global Church.  Downers Grove:  IVP Academic.


[1] Plueddemann Demystified Leadership Across Culture (


Book Reviews: Why Write Them? What Makes a Good One?

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How to Raise Readers by Sarah Hamaker, Guest Blogger

Sarah HamakerBy Sarah Hamaker

What’s the best predictor of a child who reads well? Hint, it’s not teaching him to read at a young age.

I’ve always loved books. I read voraciously as a child, churning through biographies of famous Americans and Nancy Drew mysteries (especially the first editions set in the 1930s and ‘40s). I read classics like Jane Eyre and frothy teen romances. I gobbled up Agatha Christie and biographies of missionaries.

That love of reading continued into my college and young adult years. I would read at least a book a week, if not more, while commuting on the Metro to work in downtown Washington, D.C. I didn’t slow down until I had children…and didn’t have as much discretionary time as I once had enjoyed.

Nowadays, I, along with my husband, still read as much as possible, and our home is packed with books. We must have hundreds, if not a thousand, books on shelves scattered around our 1960s rambler.

Our four children also spend much of their free time with their nose in a book. How did we manage to raise readers in a world that has embraced technology and hand-held devices with gusto? Here’s our secret…and how you too can encourage reading and a love of books in your own home, no matter the age of your kids—or yourself.

Instill a Love of Books

Reading to your kids of all ages is important to getting them to forge connections with books, even when they can’t read themselves. When our kids were toddlers, I often sat them down with a stack of age-appropriate books for them to look through on their own. That became my go-to when the child got fussy or needed down time—I brought out the books. We also didn’t push reading, and as a result, while our two oldest (who happen to be girls) learned to read by the time they entered first grade, our two youngest (boys) didn’t master reading until well into first grade. That didn’t worry me—they were interested in books, loved to be read to, and didn’t exhibit any signs of learning disabilities that might make reading difficult. The boys simply blossomed later when it came to reading. I didn’t want to turn them off a love of books, so didn’t push them to practice reading when they clearly weren’t interested or frustrated by the process.

Limit Screen Time

From computers to video games to YouTube to movies, screens have invaded the average American household. Many families have more devices than household members, and we’re not alone in that. But, every since our kids were babies, we’ve restricted the number of hours they spent in front of a screen. With two teenage daughters and two upper elementary school sons, we continue to monitor and limit the amount of technology consumed in our household.

Visit the Library

We go to the library on at least a weekly basis, sometimes, more often if a book someone put on hold arrived. We’ve been known to visit the local library when vacationing (most cities offer a “visitors” library card in which you can check out books). Frequent visits allows us to know the library collection and find new authors we would probably have missed if we only browsed online.

Show by Example

As I mentioned above, my husband and I read. We talk about books we’re reading or have read, we maintain our own household library, and our kids see us reading on a regular, sometimes daily, basis. We put down our own devices to pick up a book, and that speaks volumes as to the importance of reading.

If you’re reading this, and you haven’t incorporated reading into your life, there’s still time, no matter how old or young you are. Try this: tonight, put down your electronic devices and pick up a book to read for 5 minutes. Then each successive day, lengthen that by 5 minutes. Soon, you’ll be spending more time reading and less time browsing online. This works for kids and teens too.

Remember, it’s never too late to learn to love books!

About Sarah Hamaker

A freelance writer and editor, Sarah Hamaker is the author of Ending Sibling Rivalry: Moving Your Kids From War to Peace (Beacon Hill Press, 2014) and Hired@Home (DPL Press, 2008). Her stories have appeared in several Chicken Soup for the Soul books, and her articles on parenting have been published on and on the Washington Post’s On Parenting blog. She also won the 2015 American Christian Fiction Writers Genesis Award for romantic suspense. Sarah lives in Virginia with her husband and four children, and is a certified Leadership Parenting Coach™. Visit her online at, where she blogs about parenting issues.

How to Raise Readers by Sarah Hamaker, Guest Blogger

Also see:

Books, Films, and Ministry

Other ways to engage online:

Author site:, Publisher site:

Newsletter at:

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The Art of Reading

ShipOfFools_web_07292016“After three days they found him in the temple,
sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.
And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.”
(Luke 2:46-47)

The Art of Reading

By Stephen W. Hiemstra

During summer vacations in grade school, my dad sponsored reading contests. My sister, Diane, and I kept records of all the things that we read during the summer and at the end of the summer we earned some sort of prize for having read the most. I have long forgotten the prizes that we earned, but I loved reading the Hardy Boy and the Lone Ranger series and frequent trips to the library and local used book stores where such books could often be purchased for something like a quarter. Long after our summer reading contests were forgotten, I found it natural to explore new reading topics during the long summer school breaks.

In the fall of 1971 at Parkdale Senior High School, I was invited to take an honors history course with Mrs. C. Signing up for this class was a big deal because we earned college credit and attended seminars at the University of Maryland. Actually, I only remember a single seminar on a Saturday at the university and a huge reading list for the class. I struggled to complete the reading and to write the paper that we were assigned. Friends of mine skipped the readings and made up fanciful book titles to justify imaginative conclusions to their papers. It was an open joke throughout the class, but Mrs. C. never called them on it. The whole affair offended my sensitivities and I was proud to have completed the readings, but when Mrs. C. gave me a B for the class, I complained exposing the cheaters for making light of the class. She never said anything, but changed my grade to an A.

My experience with history did not sour me on reading.

I did not always understand what I was reading, but I found reading useful on two levels, as I learned in my college experience with economic history. On the surface level, was reading for content picking out the facts and the dates, as in reading history only as a narrative or chronology. On a deeper level, however, was to read paying attention to how the author argued his case. The case could be argued in terms of historical observations with hypotheses proven, presumably, by the number of observations explained by the hypothesis.

I learned to solve the problem of not understanding a particular author by reading more than one author in a field. A particular field, like history or psychology, started to make sense after reading a half-dozen books in the field; reading a dozen books generally made one a regular expert, even in tougher fields like learning a new computer language—as I learned later in my career. Writing book reviews throughout my career has sped up the process by forcing one to study the author’s method of argumentation, even when it might not be obvious on the first pass. Of course, authors having little or no obvious structure to their thought—chapters thrown together in kind of like a verbal collage—were also exposed at this point.

None of this was obvious in grade school when I started writing. I read because I loved reading and learning new things. Things that helped make my world more interesting; things that gave me something to talk about; things that replaced maybe the emptiness of life in the slow lane. When I read and wrote myself out, life simply made more sense. And I like it that way.

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